A Health Net Federal Services, LLC (HNFS) approval is required for applied behavior analysis (ABA) services for all beneficiaries, including those with other health insurance.
Note: All active duty family members must be registered in the Extended Care Health Option (ECHO) program to participate in the Autism Care Demonstration (ACD). Beneficiaries participating in the ACD will be given a provisional 90-day enrollment into the ECHO program to allow time to complete the registration process and obtain approval for the initial assessment. Visit our ECHO Registration page for additional information.
- Authorization requests must be submitted electronically and are processed within 2–5 business days once all required documentation is received.
- Submitting a request to HNFS is not a confirmation of authorization.
- ABA providers can check the status of an authorization or download a copy of the approval letter by using our Check Authorization Status tool.
Step 1 – Diagnosis and Referral
After diagnosing a TRICARE-eligible beneficiary with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the physician primary care manager (P-PCM) or specialized ASD provider submits a referral electronically to HNFS. If the beneficiary is referred from a military hospital or clinic, the referral is submitted electronically by the military facility to HNFS.
Referral requests must contain the following elements:
- age of the beneficiary,
- ASD diagnosis*,
- date of initial diagnosis,
- co-morbid diagnosis (if applicable),
- symptom severity (if referring provider is a specialized ASD diagnosing provider) and
- statement the beneficiary needs applied behavior analysis (ABA).
*If the initial diagnosis is made by a P-PCM, the P-PCM must submit a referral for a specialized ASD diagnosing provider who must confirm the diagnosis of ASD within one year. Once the initial diagnosis has been confirmed, the PCM can submit referrals for each of the two year reauthorization cycles. A referral for ABA services from a specialized ASD-diagnosing provider is valid for two years.
An outcome evaluation referral should be initiated by the referring provider. See Outcome Measures for additional information.
Step 2 – Initial Assessment
When HNFS receives the referral from the P-PCM or ASD diagnosing provider:
- HNFS will review the request and contact the referring provider if additional information is needed. Once all required information is received, HNFS will complete processing of the request within 2-5 business days.
- Once a referral has been approved, providers and beneficiaries can view a copy of the determination letter online.
- The letter contains contact information for the beneficiary and ABA provider. HNFS encourages beneficiaries to contact the ABA provider listed on the approval to set up the initial appointment.
How HNFS assigns ABA providers on the referral:
- If the requesting provider did not name a provider on the request, HNFS will assign to an ABA provider based on appointment availability.
- If the requesting provider did name a specific ABA provider, HNFS will not check for appointment availability and will honor that request.
- Important: If the beneficiary wants the first available ABA provider, do not specify a provider on the referral.
- If the beneficiary wants to see a different provider than who is listed on the referral, he/she can contact our ACD customer service line for assistance in requesting a change to the approved referral.
Access to care:
- If the ABA provider and/or beneficiary are unable to contact with each other within one week, please contact our ACD customer service line for assistance.
- Beneficiaries with preferred appointment times and locations may need to work collaboratively with the ABA provider until preferences can be accommodated. During this time, the ABA provider is encouraged to provide increased amounts of parent training and support to allow the family to target initial ABA principles and implementation until the beneficiary is receiving their full hours at their preferred times and locations.
Beneficiaries can request a change in ABA providers by calling our ACD customer service line. A new referral is not needed.
An authorized ABA supervisor (or as delegated to an assistant behavior analyst) must conduct the ABA assessment, which is used to develop the treatment plan. This assessment must be initiated within the 28-day TRICARE access standard and completed by the 60-day authorization end date.
If due to unforeseen circumstances, the ABA provider and/or beneficiary need additional time to complete the assessment, please contact our ACD customer service line and request an extension for the initial assessment. Please provide the rationale for the extension. A new referral is not required to extend the initial assessment.
All units billed for the assessment (up to 16 units) must be within a 14-day window. Please see our billing details section for more information on the 97151 CPT® code requirements.
This assessment must include the following:
- direct observation, measurement and recording of behavior;
- background information that clearly demonstrates the beneficiary's condition, diagnoses, family history, and how long the beneficiary has been receiving ABA services;
- functional assessment;
- data from parent/caregiver interview and parent report rating scales;
- authorized ABA supervisor recommendation for the number of weekly units of ABA services under the Autism Care Demonstration, to include the recommended number of weekly units for ABA interventions by the Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) or the Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst or QASP and behavior technicians; and
- an evaluation using the parent PDD – Behavior Inventory™ (PDD-BI™). The PDD-BI has been expanded to cover beneficiaries from 2 years to 18.5 years old and is required for the initial assessment. Beneficiaries outside of that age range, below or above, will be exempt.
- Providers must include the following composite T-scores when submitting the PDD-BI with the treatment plan: REPRIT/C, AWP/C, EXSCA/C, REXSCA/C, and autism.
- At the initial assessment, only the parent form should be completed (as the BCBA would not have had sufficient contact with the beneficiary).
- Applied behavior analysis providers may use other assessment tools to assist in writing goals but the integration of the outcomes from the PDD-BI should be a component of goal development. Goals should be determined not only by the PDD-BI but also from direct observation and progress towards individual goals.
The following items may also be included in the assessment:
- Completed forms for the ABA provider to properly bill for services rendered, establish care and evaluate the beneficiary’ availability for ABA therapy (such as liability, insurance, release of information, etc.)
- Additional measures and/or assessments the ABA provider uses within their scope of practice to evaluate baseline rates of behavior excesses and skill deficits. These may include, but are not limited to: ABBLS, Vineland-3, SRS-2, Functional Assessment Screening Tool (FAST), Carolina Curriculum, VB-MAPP, Assessment of Functional Living Skills (AFLS), Assessment of Functional Living Skills (AFLS), Community-based Skill Assessment (CSA), Adaptive Behavior Assessment System Third Edition (ABAS-3), Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-2 (GARS-2), Essential for Living and The Essential Eight; Scales of Independent Behavior Revised (SIB-R).
Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
A current IEP is required for beneficiaries who are receiving services within a public or private school setting. This requirement ensures each beneficiary’s engagement with community and school resources is included for a holistic-based ABA assessment. The information in an IEP may prove useful for current and future beneficiary needs. In addition, the level of support needed in a school setting can be helpful when determining the level of support needed in other settings such as the home. Academic goals are not permitted and goals should not overlap with IEP goals. ABA provided in the school setting must be a 1:1 ratio. All treatment plans must specify the location of services clearly to ensure that an IEP is received when TRICARE services are rendered in the school setting.
Step 3 – Treatment Plan Review
Once the initial assessment is complete, authorized ABA supervisors must submit a copy of the treatment plan and the parent PDD-BI electronically. View our treatment plan guidelines in order to ensure the necessary requirements are included on each plan. All treatment plans submitted to HNFS after Jan. 1, 2019, must include Category I CPT® codes and corresponding recommended units.
An integral component of a strong clinical ABA program is the engagement with parents to teach ABA principles, for parents to target skills and ensure generalization of skills.
- The inclusion of parent training and goals in the treatment plan is an opportunity for the ABA provider to support parents in the implementation of ABA goals outside of program hours.
- HNFS strongly encourages parent training to be implemented immediately once the ongoing authorization is approved.
- The initiation of the parent training and parent implementation of ABA principles around Behavior Intervention Plans and parent goals can be done independent of the direct therapy hours once the ongoing authorization is approved.
- As the direct therapy hours are scheduled and initiated, parent engagement and implementation can supplement the beneficiary’s hours to ensure ABA principles are integrated throughout their day.
If HNFS needs to obtain additional clinical necessity information during the review of the treatment plan, HNFS will pend the request “Pended – BCBA Review” and send correspondence to the ABA provider requesting additional information. If the additional information is not received within three business days, the request will be cancelled until the additional information is provided by the ABA provider.
After review, HNFS will issue an ABA authorization for six months.
Step 4 – Reassessment (every six months)
Prior to the expiration of each six-month authorization period, the authorized ABA supervisor or Autism Demonstration Corporate Services Provider (ACSP) shall request re-authorization of ABA services.
- Since the ABA therapy referral is valid for two years, a new referral is not required each six month period (see Step 1).
- If a new referral is required for the next two year period, HNFS will cancel the request “Cancel – No Valid MTF/PCM Referral” and notify the ABA provider and the beneficiary.
- ABA providers may submit up to 60 days prior to the end of the authorization period to ensure the maximum amount of time for continuity of care.
The following must be submitted at least 30 days in advance for reassessment:
- An updated treatment plan that has been updated within 60 days of the authorization expiration date and contains all the requirements listed in the TRICARE Operations Manual. The location of services must be clearly documented on the first page of the treatment plan to indicate if an IEP is necessary.
- Parent and teacher PDD-BI scores. Providers are required to submit the following scores clearly and legibly, and label the PDD-BI to distinguish which is the parent and which is the teacher/BCBA reports: REPRIT/C, AWP/C, EXSCA/C, REXSCA/C, and autism. The teacher form may be completed by the BCBA.
- A current IEP (if the beneficiary is receiving any of the TRICARE hours in the school environment).
If there is missing documentation, or any of the above-listed items are incomplete, HNFS will cancel the request using "Cancel – ACSP Missing Documentation" and notify the ABA provider and the beneficiary. Once the required documentation is gathered, the ABA provider must submit a new request and include that information.
Providers must have an approved authorization from HNFS (with an authorization number) prior to rendering ABA services.
- Submitting a request to HNFS is not a confirmation of authorization.
- Do not continue to provide ABA services without an approved authorization. HNFS will deny reimbursement for services performed outside the dates approved on the authorization.
- HNFS does not issue backdated authorizations. If an authorization is canceled due to missing supporting documentation, the authorization will be re-issued from the date HNFS receives all required information.